- Plural of psychiatrist
A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry and is certified in treating mental disorders. As part of their evaluation of the patient, psychiatrists are one of only a few mental health professionals who may prescribe psychiatric medication, conduct physical examinations, order and interpret laboratory tests and electroencephalograms, and may order brain imaging studies such as computed tomography or computed axial tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography scanning.
Psychiatry in the professional worldPsychiatrists are doctors of medicine who specialize in treating mental illness using the biomedical approach to mental disorders. Psychiatrists can also go through training to conduct psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, and/or cognitive behavioral therapy, but it is their medical training that differentiates them from other mental health professionals.
SubspecialtiesThe field of psychiatry itself can be divided into various subspecialties.
Professional requirementsTypically the requirements to become a psychiatrist are substantial but differ from country to country.
In the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, and other parts of the world, one must complete a medical degree. These degrees are often abbreviated MB BChir, MB BCh, MB ChB, BM BS, or MB BS. Following this, the individual will work as a Foundation House Officer for two additional years. The foundation programme allows students to experience the different specialties of medicine, as well as learn important attributes and qualities of becoming a doctor. Upon completion, a student can apply for a Specialty Registrar (StR) in Psychiatry post to specialize in psychiatry. Following acceptance, this specialized training will last for about 6 years, during which time the doctor must pass examinations for Membership of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (MRCPsych). Upon successful completion of this specialist training, the doctor can then apply for Consultant posts.
In the United States and Canada one must first complete their Bachelor's degree, or in Québec complete a premedical course of study in Cégep. Students may typically decide any major of their choice, however they must enroll in specific courses, usually outlined in a pre-medical program. One must then apply to and attend 4 years of medical school in order to earn their M.D. or D.O. and to complete their medical education. Following this, the individual must practice as a psychiatric resident for another four years (five years in Canada). Psychiatry residents are often required to complete at least four post-graduate months of internal medicine or pediatrics and two months of neurology during the first year. After completing their training, psychiatrists take written and then oral board examinations. The total amount of time required to complete post-baccalaureate work in the field of psychiatry in the United States is typically 8 to 9 years.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing.
- Frances, A., & First, M. (1999). Your Mental Health: A Layman's Guide to the Psychiatrist's Bible. New York: Scribner.
- Hafner, H. (2002). Psychiatry as a profession. Nervenarzt, 73, 33.
- Stout, E. (1993). From the Other Side of the Couch: Candid Conversations with Psychiatrists and Psychologists. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
psychiatrists in Danish: Psykiater
psychiatrists in German: Psychiater
psychiatrists in French: Psychiatre
psychiatrists in Croatian: Psihijatar
psychiatrists in Indonesian: Psikiater
psychiatrists in Hebrew: פסיכיאטר
psychiatrists in Hungarian: Pszichiáter
psychiatrists in Dutch: Psychiater
psychiatrists in Norwegian: Psykiater
psychiatrists in Norwegian Nynorsk: Psykiatar
psychiatrists in Finnish: Psykiatri
psychiatrists in Swedish: Psykiater